Debating India

GUJARAT

Hounded by an image

DIONNE BUNSHA

Tuesday 19 August 2003, by BUNSHA*Dionne

Article paru dans Frontline, Volume 20 - Issue 17, August 16 - 29, 2003.

QUTUBUDDIN ANSARI’S face became the icon of the 2002 post-Godhra riots. But being recognised made life difficult for him. He has fled to Kolkata where he hopes he will be faceless.

"The media have put such a big responsibility on me by making me the face of Gujarat. I can’t go anywhere in Ahmedabad. I’m scared. Wherever I go, people recognise me," Qutubuddin told a press conference in Mumbai before leaving for Kolkata. "It’s very difficult for me to lead an ordinary life. Everything is back to normal in Gujarat. But it is not normal for me. When it is, I will go back."

Qutubuddin’s family has lived in Ahmedabad for decades. During the riots, their basti was looted and burned. Luckily, no one in his family was killed. But getting back to normal life was difficult.

His face kept coming back to haunt him. "If I stand at a street corner, at a bus stop, anywhere, people recognise me. Even at the cinema, my photograph was on the screen for a peace campaign saying: `We are all Indians’. I was at a park with my family when one person recognised me. Then a crowd gathered. I got scared. I immediately put my family into a rickshaw and we left. Why can’t I roam freely? " he asked.

Being an icon reduced his earnings by half. "I am scared to go to the market. I can work only in my mohalla. The wages are lower there," said Qutubuddin, a tailor. He even fled to Malegaon in Maharashtra in search of work last year. "Two months after the riots, we were still stuck in the relief camp. There was curfew in the city. We couldn’t work. My sister lives in Malegaon, so I went there to earn some money."

But even in Malegaon, Qutubuddin could not escape his photograph. "Everything went well for 15 days. Then, the local newspaper published my photograph. One of my colleagues brought it to the workshop. At the end of the day, my boss asked me to leave. He said the police or press may come and ask questions. He did not want to endanger his business," he explained.

Qutubuddin is still hounded by his picture. It appears in several national publications. "The photographer did his job. But why do the media keep printing my picture? They didn’t come back after that to ask me about my problems or to help," he said. "I don’t know how people look at me when they recognise me. Maybe they are sympathetic. But after all that I have been through, I can’t help being scared."

After reading about Qutubuddin’s dilemma in Communalism Combat magazine, the West Bengal government contacted the Editor, Teestha Setalvad, and offered to help Qutubuddin start a new life in Kolkata. It has offered to pay Qutubuddin’s rent for one year. It will also arrange for his workshop with two or three sewing machines. When the media asked him if he felt he was being used as a political pawn, he replied, "Yes, I feel that may be possible. I hope it doesn’t happen."

He said: "I am leaving for a better future for my children. I don’t want them to grow up like this. Someone asked my seven-year-old daughter: `Why do we always see your father crying?’ That really hurt."

He still hopes to return to Ahmedabad. "Gujarat is my desh. I have grown up here. I will come back to celebrate Id. Many of our Hindu friends also come to celebrate Id with us. I hope I can settle in Ahmedabad after a few years. My entire family is there."

The face that defined the riots also symbolises the situation in Gujarat today. Law and order may be back to normal but the riot victims still live in fear. Many have not returned to their homes. Others, like Qutubuddin, are running as far away as possible.

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