NEW DELHI, JULY 10: As much as 64.8 per cent of India’s population is literate while Uttar Pradesh continues to be most populous state followed by Maharashtra, according to details of the 2001 Census released on Saturday.
While male literacy rate stood at 75.3 per cent, female literacy rate was 53.7 per cent, Registrar General of India J K Banthia told a seminar on Census Data Dissemination here.
Male literacy went up by 11 per cent and female literacy by 14.4 per cent as compared to the figures in the 1991 Census.
Banthia said Uttar Pradesh with 166 million people has a population which is more than the estimated population of Pakistan. It is followed by Maharashtra (97 million) and Bihar (83 million). Lakshadweep has the lowest population of only 61,000.
India added about 182 million people between 1991 and 2001, which is more than the estimated population of Brazil, the fifth most populous country in the world, he said.
Banthia said child sex ratio (0-6 years) was low in Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Chandigarh and Delhi.
Observing that the data indicated prevalence of female foeticide, he said the child sex ratio at the national level slipped from 945 (females per 1000 males) 1991 to 927 in 2001 Census.
The Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes population at the national level constituted 16.2 and 8.2 per cent respectively.
The 2001 Census has brought out the fact that there are 62 persons more per square kilometre as compared to 1991.
Work Participation Rate (WPR), an indicator of percentage of workers to total population, was 39.1 per cent, an increase of 1.6 per cent over that in the 1991 Census.
While the male WPR remained constant at 51.7 per cent, female WPR stood at 25.6 per cent, a growth of 3.3 per cent since the previous Census.